Ecocide is loss, damage or destruction of ecosystem(s) of a given territory(ies)… such that peaceful enjoyment by the inhabitants has been or will be severely diminished

– definition submitted by Polly Higgins to the UN Law Commission in 2010

Ecocide is a crime against the Earth itself, not just against humans. It covers the direct damage caused to the Earth’s land, sea and river systems, the flora and fauna within the affected ecosystems, as well the resultant impact on the climate.

Ecocide has adverse impacts on many levels. The harm is not always just environmental; it can be cultural and emotional as well and affect communities at a deep level, especially when a way of life is profoundly and/or practically connected to the affected ecosystem.